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How to read search results

The terms presented on this site are always shown in the same format whether they are the result of a Quick Search, an Advanced Search or a request for an Alphabetical List. Terms are given in alphabetical order with the meaning or meanings of each term underneath it.

Grammatical notation

Grammatical notation is given with many terms. A grammatical note is an abbreviation which shows what part of speech a word is, for example a noun or an adjective. Additional information is sometimes given in a grammatical note, for example the original language derivation of the word, (if it is a foreign word) or information about the inflection of the word (for example if it is in a plural form).

Non-alphabetical symbols are used in grammatical notation also. The symbol ¶ means the word is a proper noun (for example a place-name or a person’s name), ™ means a trade mark and ® means a registered trade mark.

In the case of multi-word terms, the grammatical notation refers to part of the term rather than to the whole term. For example, in the case of feirmeoireacht bain3 mhonarchan, the note bain3 refers only to the word feirmeoireacht. When you place the cursor over the grammatical note, the word referred to by the note is highlighted (this does not work in all browsers). This is also the case with English terms: although the grammatical note often appears at the end of the term (for example factory farming s), it refers only to the last word (farming), which is clear when the word is highlighted as the cursor is placed over the grammatical note.

Inflected forms

Inflected forms are often given with terms, such as the genitive case of nouns or forms of verbs. They are intended to help with the correct use of terminology as part of text and they are given generally with the Irish version of terms, not with English terms.


Grammatical notation is given in abbreviated form. That is, parts of speech, inflected forms and names of languages are indicated by abbreviations in search results. If you place the cursor over any of these abbreviations on screen, a box will appear giving the full form of the abbreviation. For example, if you place the cursor over the note bain3 in the term feirmeoireacht bain3 mhonarchan, you will see a box which says that bain3 means feminine noun of the third declension.

Click here for a complete list of abbreviations.


There are terms which have more than one meaning, or more than one usage. These meanings are recorded in the database in the form of objects which are called concepts and concepts are presented on the screen as a bulleted list under each term. Most terms are only used to convey one meaning, so you will see only one bullet under them. There are terms, however, which are used to express more than one concept, for example the English term adder. This term has two distinct meanings – in Irish, suimitheoir (a device for adding numbers) and nathair nimhe (a snake). These two concepts are listed under adder as two separate bullets.

Clicking terms

As you look through the list of results, you can click any term, in any language. Whether you are engaged in a Quick Search, an Advanced Search or an Alphabetical List search, when you click on a term, you are returned to a Quick Search for the term you clicked. This is a quick way to get more information about a particular term.

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